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A landlord needs the court's permission to serve his or her tenant by posting and mailing.
For service by posting and mailing (sometimes called “nail and mail”): Service by publication “Service by publication” means that you publish the summons and complaint in a newspaper of general circulation in the area where the other side is likely to be. It is usually used when you do not know how to find the other side and do not have an address or workplace for him or her.
Before the court will give you permission to serve by posting, you will have to prove to the court that you tried as hard as possible to find the other side.
Every court is slightly different in what they require, but most require at least that you try to find the other side at his or her last known address or last known work, mail letters to the last known address with forwarding address requested, call the other side’s friends and family or ex-coworkers to ask about his or her whereabouts, look for the other party in the phone book for any city where he or she is likely to be, and search on the Internet.
So, for your type of case, only some of these types of service may be allowed.
The individual sections on this Online Self-Help Center will tell you what types of service are allowed in your case.
If it is not done right, you will not be able to move forward with your case.
For “service by mail”: Mail service is easy but not very reliable because the court cannot know for sure that someone received the paperwork.
Substituted Service Substituted service is used after several attempts to personally serve the papers have failed.
The legal way to give formal notice is to have the other side “served” with a copy of the paperwork that you have filed with the court.
"Service of court papers" means that the other side must get copies of any paper you file with the court.