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4.1 f The Process For Identifying Needs And Establishing Requ irem ents Department O f Defense -.

MAJOR ACQUISITION SUBDIVISION PROCUREMENT AND SYSTEMS ACQUISITION DIVISION JUNE; 1974 I FOREWORD i This i s a summary of our survey an the process by which the Department of Defense identifies needs and establishes requirements f o r major weapons systems.

While the purpose of the POM reviews are emphasized as being bud- getary, service conflict situations, material or requirement redundancies, and system adequacies are also scrutinized.

Another process related to the PPBS is the Defense Systems Acquisition Review Council (DSARC).

Requirements Summary (AFHQ Form 79)- 10-36 10-8 A i r Force Board Structure 10-39 10-9 Major System Approval Process 10-43 11-1 Department of Defense 11-2 - 11-2 Planning-Programming-Budgeting System 11-10 l J.-3 Planning Phase 11-14 11-4 Programming Phase U-16 u-5 Budgeting Phase 11-20 12-1 DOD and Other System Analysis Agencies 12-8 12-2 Joint Chiefs of Staff Orgauizations 12-10 12-3 Studies, Analysis, and Gaming Agency 12-12 CHAPTER 1 -- .

-- OVERVIEW WHY THE: SURVEY W A S CONDUCTED One of the long-range objectives of GAO's Major Acquisition Subdivision (MAS), Procurement and Systems Acquisition Division (PSAD), is to be able to advise the Congress concerning the need for proposed new major weapon systems in terms of identifying (1) national policy and ob- jectives, (2) projected enemy threats, (3) the national strategy and the implementing p l a n s which may be necessary to respond to these threats, (4) the roles and missions of the armed forces to carry out the plans, and (5) the force levels necessary to support the response.

5000.1 2-7 THE PRESIDENT AND NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL 3-1 Resident 3-1 National Security Council 3-1 National Mobilization Planning. 4-1 l n t r oduct ion 4-1 Threat and Threat Assesmnent 4-1 N e t Assessment 4-2 N e t Technical Assessment 4-5 National I n t e l l i g e n c e Community 4-7 President s Foreign I n t e l l i g e n c e Advisory b a r d 4-8 United S t a t e s I n t e l l i g e n c e Board 4-8 National I n t e l l i g e n c e O f f i c e r s 4-9 National I n t e l l i g e n c e Estimates 4-9 S p e c i a l I a t i o n a I I n t e l l i g e n c e Estimates 4-11 M i l i t a r y I n t e l l i g e n c e Community 4-11 National Security Agency 4-11 Defense I n t e l l i g e n c e Agency 4-13 Joint Long-Range Estimative I n t e l l i g e n c e 4-14 Document J o i n t I n t e l l i g e n c e Estimate f o r Planning 4-14 Defense I n t e l l i g e n c e E s t i m a t e f o r J o i n t Plannfng 4-15 Defense I n t e l l i g e n c e P r o j e c t i o n s f o r Planning 4-15 Additional Estimative I n t e l l i g e n c e Support 4-15 A s s i s t a n t Secretary of De Fense, I n t e l l i g e n c e 4-17 M i l i t a r y Departments 4-17 M i l i t a r y Services 4-17 Congress 4-18 - PAGE 5 J O I N T CTIIEFS OF STAFF 5-1 Organization and Functions 5-1 J o i n t Chiefs of Staff 5-1 J o i n t Staff 5-5 Supplementary staff organizations 5-5 Planning Functions 5-6 S t r a t e g i c Planning 5-8 Operational Planning 5-14 Appendix I, J o i n t S t r a t e g i c Plans 54.7 6 SECRETARP OF DEFFJISE 6-1 Control Over Combat Forces 6-4 Control Over Support Forces 6-4 7 DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY 7-1 Introduction 7-1 Organization 7-3 Mission Areas 7-5 Major Acquisitions 7-7 Cbanges i n Materiel Acquisition Documents 7-11 Ident i f l i n g t h e Need 7-11 The Army Planning System 7-14 h t e l l i g e n c e / T h r e a t Support 7-15 Planning Documents 7-17 - The Combat Development Function 7-17 Land Cmbat Studies 7-18 Operational Capability Objectives 7-19 The Army Study Program 7-23 Threat Analysis Support 7-24 Research and Development 7-26 Establishing t h e Requirement 7-27 Processing and Approval Actions 7-31 Special Task Force Functions 7-34 Army System Acquisition Review Council 7-39 Obtaining Secretary of Defense Approval 7-41 Programing and 3udgeting 7-43 Programming 7-43 Budgeting 7-47 DSARC 7-49 Appendix I, Planned Army Reorganization 7-50 Appendix XI, Amy Organizations k i n g Combat Development Interests 7-52 Appendix 111, FY 74 Study Areas 7-54 Appendix TV, P r i n c i p a l Study Organizations 7-55 .

In March 1973 he stated that one of the key objectives of the weapons acqui- sition process is making the right decision at the outset of what to develop and for what purpose.OVERVIEW OF TEE NEH)S/REQUIREMENTS PROCESS The i n d i v i d u a l Service responsibility t be capable f accomplishing its defined r o l e s and missions imposes t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y t o d e f i n e and develop weapon systems t o meet i d e n t i f i e d needs.Establishing requirements f o r a weapon system u s u a l l y begins with i d e n t i f i c a t i o n of need f o r a s p e c i f i c c a p a b i l i t y within a mission, family of weapons, and/or f o r c e levels.Funding for this technology effort is included in the Services Program Objective Memorandum (POM).As the possibility of a new and needed weapon emerges from this basic technology effort it is introduced in sub- sequent POM's as an individual weapon system requirement.

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