Radioactive dating mass spectrometer
These methods include rubidium–strontium dating, uranium–lead dating, lead–lead dating and samarium–neodymium dating.
When these isotope ratios are measured by TIMS, mass-dependent fractionation occurs as species are emitted by the hot filament.
By comparing the detected isotopic ratios to a measured standard, an accurate determination of the isotopic make up of the sample is obtained.For example, carbon isotope ratios are measured relative to the international standard for C. The fossil is referred to as VPDB (Vienna Pee Dee Belemnite) and has It is critical that the sample be processed before entering the mass spectrometer so that only a single chemical species enters at a given time.The C standard is produced from a fossil belemnite found in the Peedee Formation, which is a limestone formed in the Cretaceous period in South Carolina, U. Generally, samples are combusted or pyrolyzed and the desired gas species (usually hydrogen (H and dual inlet.In a "multicollector" instrument, the ion collector typically has an array of Faraday cups, which allows the simultaneous detection of multiple isotopes.Measurement of natural variations in the abundances of stable isotopes of the same element is normally referred to as stable isotope analysis.