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The book is divided into two main sections, namely, chapter 1 and chapters 2-3.The first verse (1:1) is an introduction to the book.Thus the city was named after its most celebrated citizen.Second, eastern medieval tradition has identified a site opposite the ruins of Ninevah on the Tigris River—for both the birthplace and tomb of Nahum—though the evidence for this position is quite weak. 347-419) suggested that Elkosh was El Kauze and to be identified with Elkesi in Galilee.Further archaeological studies may confirm its location, but for now the information is too slight to be dogmatic.The limits for the date of the book can be set with a high degree of certainty.There has been no little debate, however, over the nature of the supposed acrostic poem in the first chapter.
This final interpretation has some merit for it seems that although the book of Nahum is directed against the Assyrians, it was written for Jews in the south, in Judah.
The term “Elkoshite” probably indicates that Nahum was from a town called Elkosh, though nothing for certain is known about it.
This fact, however, has done very little to stop speculation as to where it was. First, some scholars have argued, on the basis of the etymology of “Capernaum,” that that was the city from which Nahum came (Caper-naum).
The Hebrew name Nahum means “compassion,” or “comfort” and is interesting in light of God’s promises throughout the book of comfort and deliverance for his people.
Very little is known about Nahum, but from his writing we gain a sense of his keen intellectual and literary abilities, his command of certain OT themes and literatures, and perhaps most importantly his love and humility before a gracious, holy and vengeful God.